Virtual reality and augmented reality

Discover what each of the Augmented Reality and the Virtual Reality looks like...

Discover what each of the Augmented Reality and the Virtual Reality looks like
What is Virtual Reality

What is Virtual Reality?

Virtual reality (VR) is a technology that allows people to immerse themselves in a digitally created artificial world. It should not be confused with Augmented Reality (see our dossier on Augmented Reality and its applications).

It can be a reproduction of the real world or a totally imaginary world. The experience is at the same time visual, auditory and, in some cases, haptic with the production of feedback effects. When the person is equipped with the appropriate interfaces, such as gloves or clothing, he or she may then experience certain sensations related to touch or certain actions (blow, impact, etc.). More details about technologies on

Virtual Reality essentials

VR headset

Swivel chair

VR controllers

VR Cover

VR gloves

Which VR headsets are the best ?

The Oculus Rift

First “new generation” VR headset for the general public. It is a wired helmet connected to a computer with a good display quality. Controllers are also available to interact with the virtual environment displayed in the headset.

The HTC Vive

A direct competitor of the Occulus, the HTC vive is also a wired headset (soon available in non-wired) connected to a PC. It also has joysticks and requires the installation of two sensors in order to track the user in space.

The Samsung Gear VR

Autonomous and connected to the Samsung smartphone, it is obviously less powerful than the two models presented above. It is however much less bulky and still delivers a good immersive experience.

Augmented Reality, what is it?

Augmented Reality (or AR) is a technology that allows the integration of virtual 3D elements (in real time) into a real environment. The principle is to combine the virtual and the real and give the illusion of perfect integration to the user.

Capturing the environment

Capturing the environment

Lots of sensors can be used: GPS, camera, accelerometer, hygrometer, hydrometer,…

Understand the environment

Understand the environment

A computer to understand the environment and make the right mix with the virtual elements.

A platform

A platform

An Augmented Reality platform to show the user the result of the combination related to the environment.

AR techniques

There are several techniques to make augmented reality. The essence of the problem is to locate the virtual in relation to the real world.

  • Geographic coordinates
  • Determining directions
  • Image recognition

Smartphones and tablets, the ultimate RA landmark

The first “mobile” version of augmented reality was developed in the late 1990s and required a backpack connected to a screen. It was heavy, cumbersome and drastically limited viewing capabilities. It was more of an experimental project than a real tool for the general public.

This was nevertheless a precursor of what mobile augmented reality was going to become. The advent of mobile phones, and more particularly smartphones, made the miniaturization of this type of device possible.